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1.
行星着陆自主导航与制导控制研究现状与趋势   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
行星着陆自主导航与制导控制技术是行星着陆过程的核心技术之一,关系到行星着陆任务的成败。本文基于未来火星和小天体着陆对自主导航与制导控制技术的发展需求,阐述了进一步开展自主导航与制导控制研究的必要性,围绕行星着陆过程环境特点,分析了自主导航与制导控制技术所遇到的挑战,随后概括了行星着陆自主导航与制导控制所涉及的关键技术,并综述了关键技术的研究现状。最后对我国未来行星着陆探测自主导航与制导控制技术的发展方向进行了展望。  相似文献
2.
不规则小天体引力场内的广义甩摆轨道   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
选取具有典型不规则外形的细长形小天体作为研究对象,应用偶极子模型近似其外部引力场分布。针对其引力场内的质点动力学,研究一类特殊的动力学行为--广义甩摆轨道。与传统引力甩摆轨道不同,该类轨道能够在很短的时间内将质点从环绕轨道改变至逃逸轨道,或将逃逸轨道上的质点捕获至小天体引力场内。从轨道能量的变化入手,分析该类轨道的成因并给出仿真算例。  相似文献
3.
小天体安全着陆与表面探测控制方法研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
针对探测器在小天体表面的弹跳式运动特点,提出一种表面运动控制方法。首先基于简化的运动模型,计算出探测器进行弹跳式转移所需的初始速度;然后通过对轨道方程的线性化,基于线性时变系统的求解方程,采用脉冲控制对每次弹跳的运动轨迹进行修正,增加控制精度;并分析转移距离与弹跳次数的关系;最后,以小行星1620 Geographos作为目标小天体进行仿真分析,验证了控制算法的有效性。结果表明,该控制方法可以应用于探测器在附着到小天体表面后的弹跳转移,也适用于弱引力环境下探测器的弹跳式探测。  相似文献
4.
Hopper concepts for small body landers   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The investigation of small bodies, comets and asteroids, can contribute substantially to our understanding of the formation and history of the Solar System. In situ observations by landers play an important role in this field.  相似文献
5.
This article focuses on the genetic identification of observed small cosmic bodies with alleged parental bodies; namely, comets, asteroids and meteoroid swarms. There is a problem of the upper D-value limit as a measure of proximity between the orbits of the bodies in the five-dimensional phase space (Southworth and Hawkins, 1963). In the study of genetic relationships of the comet and meteor complexes, the D value is usually taken as equal to 0.2 for all meteor showers. However, the upper D limit should be investigated for each meteoroid complex. For example, such investigation was performed for the Taurid meteor complex (Porub?an et al., 2006). In this paper, the upper D-criterion limit value was investigated for the Perseid meteor shower. The 1862 III Swift–Tuttle comet is its parental comet.  相似文献
6.
The investigation of small bodies, comets and asteroids, can contribute substantially to our understanding of the formation and history of the Solar System. In-situ observations by Landers play a prominent role in this field.The Rosetta Lander – Philae – is currently on its way to comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. It will land in November 2014 and perform numerous experiments with a suite of 10 scientific instruments.Philae has been designed to cope with a wide range of possible comet properties. The considerations taken during its development are relevant for future Lander missions to small bodies in the Solar System.In addition the paper provides a review of alternative concepts, studied or developed for various missions like Phobos, Hayabusa/Minerva or Géocroiseur/Leonard.Various missions to small bodies in the Solar System, including Landers, are currently studied (e.g., Marco Polo). The paper will address the mission options and compare applicable technologies with the solutions chosen for Philae.  相似文献
7.
The dynamical environment on and about the Martian moon Phobos is explored. This planetary moon provides a unique dynamical environment in the solar system, being subject to extreme tidal forces and having a characteristically non-spherical shape. Further, it is not in a fully circular orbit, meaning that it has librations that arise from its eccentricity, contributing to a periodic forcing environment. Thus, to plan and implement missions in the vicinity of and on Phobos will require these considerations be taken into account. In this paper the latest published models of the Phobos shape and dynamics are used to characterize its dynamical environment in close proximity orbit about the body, for motion across its surface and for controlled hovering motion in its vicinity. It is found that surface motion is subject to a number of “speed limits” that can cause a moving vehicle to leave the surface and to possibly escape the moon and enter orbit about Mars. In terms of orbital stability, the existence of libration orbit families are characterized down to the surface using an exact potential, and the known stable QSO orbits are shown to be associated with families of stable quasi-periodic orbits.  相似文献
8.
针对小天体探测存在显著通讯延迟、任务执行效率低等问题,梳理了小天体探测智能规划需求,面向自主绕飞任务开展了智能规划研究。首先将该问题分解为平台任务智能规划和载荷任务智能规划两部分。针对平台任务智能规划问题,基于PDDL语言设计了探测器自主管理知识模型,提出了基于状态时间线扩展的求解算法;针对任务智能规划问题,建立了基于CSP问题的智能规划数学模型,提出了基于遗传策略的求解算法。最后开发了仿真系统进行算法验证。仿真结果表明:该方法可综合平台与载荷需求,在存储、能源、通信等多种约束条件下,对绕飞探测任务进行统一的任务规划,并得到指令序列和动作序列,能够提高任务管控的智能化程度,降低任务操作的复杂性。  相似文献
9.
在小天体任务中,雷达技术可用于浅表层探测和全球内部结构探测。总结了国内外雷达技术在天体探测任务中的应用现状,分析了单站和双站雷达系统的不同应用场景,对比了单站雷达中的轨道器雷达、表面巡视器雷达的不同特点。在此基础上,研究了小天体的可能结构、可能物质,介绍了单站、双站雷达的基本工作原理,提出了针对不同结构小天体可采用的雷达探测体制。针对尺寸较大的分层结构小天体,可采用单站雷达探测天体的浅表层,获取表层和浅表层的介电常数以及表层的深度;对于尺寸较小的碎石堆结构小天体,可采用双站雷达观测天体透射波,获取天体的介电常数和全球内部结构。最后通过仿真实验,验证了双站雷达对于探测碎石堆状小行星全球内部结构的有效性。  相似文献
10.
基于已实施的小天体探测任务和未来小天体表面移动探测技术的发展趋势,阐述了小天体表面移动技术研究现状。根据小天体的特殊动力学环境和任务需求,总结了小天体表面移动技术的主要问题;归纳分析了包括小天体引力场建模与表面运动特性分析、小天体表面弹跳技术以及弱引力环境下的导航与制导技术在内的小天体表面移动关键技术,并介绍了这些关键技术的研究进展;对上述关键技术的未来研究热点和发展趋势进行了展望。  相似文献
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