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The very high accuracy of the Doppler and range measurements between the two low-flying and co-orbiting spacecraft of the GRACE mission, which will be at the μm/sec and ≈10 μm levels respectively, requires that special procedures be applied in the processing of these data. Parts of the existing orbit determination and gravity field parameters retrieval methods and software must be modified in order to fully benefit from the capabilities of this mission. This is being done in the following areas: (i) numerical integration of the equations of motion (summed form, accuracy of the predictor-corrector loop, Encke's formulation): (ii) special inter-satellite dynamical parameterization for very short arcs; (iii) accurate solution of large least-squares problems (normal equations vs. orthogonal decomposition of observation equations); (iv) handling the observation equations with high accuracy. Theoretical concepts and first tests of some of the newly implemented algorithms are presented. This revised version was published online in August 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献
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以宏观经济学供给与需求关系理论为基础,分析了影响民航客运票价的因素,包括供给、需求、竞争、航线距离、季节性和特殊航线等,建立了基于引力模型和多元线性回归,以运力、客座率和航线距离等为输入的国内拟开航线经济舱票价预测模型,成为类比法的一种补充。并提出通过调整乘数系数的方法,使得模型适用于季节性、特殊航线和长期预测需求。  相似文献
3.
The science of inertial navigation has evolved to the point that the traditional gravity model is a principal error source in advanced, precise systems. Specifically, the unmodeled vertical deflections of the earth's gravitational field are a major contributor to CEP (circular error probable) divergence in precise terrestrial inertial navigation systems (INS). Over the years, several studies have been undertaken to the development of advanced techniques for accurate, real-time compensation of gravity disturbance vectors. More complex on-board gravity models which compute vertical deflection components will reduce the CEP divergence rate, but imperfect modeling due to on-board processing limitations will still cause residual vertical deflection errors. In order to eliminate or reduce gravity-induced errors in the INS requires measurement of gravity disturbance values and in-flight compensation to the inertial navigator. It is assumed in this paper that gravity disturbance values have been measured prior to the airborne mission and various techniques for compensation are to be considered. As part of a screening process in this study, several gravity compensation techniques (both deterministic and stochastic models) were investigated. The screening process involved identification of gravity models and algorithms, and developments of selection criteria for subsequent screening of the candidates.  相似文献
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宽体客机国际航线开辟对航空公司运营影响很大,其中新开航线市场需求分析是难点。从市场需求角度研究宽体客机新航线开拓,依据O&D理念分析市场需求,建立从机场服务半径开始,借助引力模型和服务质量指数模型,并以旅客溢出结束的完整宽体客机新开航线市场需求分析系列模型。最后用实际航线案例验证该模型的可信度和可行性。  相似文献
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